Exploring Alibaba Group’s PouchContainer Resource Management APIs — Part 2

1. Memory Resource Management

1.1 -m, — memory

# pouch run -ti --memory 100M reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/memory.limit_in_bytes"
104857600
# free -m
total used free shared buff/cache available
Mem: 257755 2557 254234 1 963 254903
Swap: 2047 0 2047
# pouch run -ti --memory 100M reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress stress --vm 1 --vm-bytes 150M
stress: info: [1] dispatching hogs: 0 cpu, 0 io, 1 vm, 0 hdd
#free -m
total used free shared buff/cache available
Mem: 257755 2676 254114 1 965 254783
Swap: 2047 41 2006
# pouch run -ti --memory 100M reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress stress --vm 1 --vm-bytes 150M
stress: info: [1] dispatching hogs: 0 cpu, 0 io, 1 vm, 0 hdd
stress: FAIL: [1](422) kill error: No such process
stress: FAIL: [1](452) failed run completed in 0s
esses
stress: FAIL: [1](422) kill error: No such process
stress: FAIL: [1](452) failed run completed in 0s

1.2 — memory-swap

# pouch run -ti -m 300M --memory-swap 1G reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/memory.memsw.limit_in_bytes"
1073741824
# pouch run -ti -m 100M --memory-swap 200M reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress bash -c "stress --vm 1 --vm-bytes 300M"
stress: info: [1] dispatching hogs: 0 cpu, 0 io, 1 vm, 0 hdd
stress: FAIL: [1](416) <-- worker 10 got signal 9
stress: WARN: [1](418) now reaping child worker processes
stress: FAIL: [1](422) kill error: No such process
stress: FAIL: [1](452) failed run completed in 0s

1.3 — memory-swappiness

# pouch run -ti --memory-swappiness=100 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c 'cat /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/memory.swappiness'
100

1.4 — memory-wmark-ratio

# pouch run -ti --memory-wmark-ratio=60 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c 'cat /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/memory.wmark_ratio'
60

1.5 — oom-kill-disable

# pouch run -m 20m --oom-kill-disable=true reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c 'cat /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/memory.oom_control'
oom_kill_disable 1
under_oom 0
# pouch run -m 20m --oom-kill-disable=false reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c 'x=a; while true; do x=$x$x$x$x; done'[root@r10d08216.sqa.zmf /root]
#echo $?
137

1.6 — oom-score-adj

# pouch run -ti --oom-score-adj=300 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress bash -c "cat /proc/self/oom_score_adj"
300

2. CPU resource management

2.1 — cpu-period

# pouch run -ti --cpu-period 50000 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/cpu.cfs_period_us"
50000
# pouch run -ti --cpu-period=50000 --cpu-quota=25000 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress stress -c 1
stress: info: [1] dispatching hogs: 1 cpu, 0 io, 0 vm, 0 hdd
# top -n1
top - 17:22:40 up 1 day, 57 min, 3 users, load average: 0.68, 0.16, 0.05
Tasks: 431 total, 2 running, 429 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
%Cpu(s): 0.0 us, 0.1 sy, 0.0 ni, 99.9 id, 0.0 wa, 0.0 hi, 0.0 si, 0.0 st
KiB Mem : 26354243+total, 25960588+free, 1697108 used, 2239424 buff/cache
KiB Swap: 2096636 total, 0 free, 2096636 used. 25957392+avail Mem
PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ COMMAND
53256 root 20 0 7324 100 0 R 50.0 0.0 0:12.95 stress

2.2 — cpu-quota

# pouch run -ti --cpu-quota 1600 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/cpu.cfs_quota_us"
1600

2.3 — cpu-share

# pouch run -ti --cpu-quota 1600 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/cpu.shares"
1600
# pouch run -d --cpuset-cpus=0 --cpu-share 1024 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress stress -c 1
c7b99f3bc4cf1af94da35025c66913d4b42fa763e7a0905fc72dce66c359c258
[root@r10d08216.sqa.zmf /root]
# pouch run -d --cpuset-cpus=0 --cpu-share 512 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress stress -c 1
1ade73df0dd9939cc65e05117e3b0950b78079fb36f6cc548eff8b20e8f5ecb9
#top
top - 09:38:24 up 3 min, 2 users, load average: 1.20, 0.34, 0.12
Tasks: 447 total, 3 running, 444 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
%Cpu(s): 3.1 us, 0.0 sy, 0.0 ni, 96.9 id, 0.0 wa, 0.0 hi, 0.0 si, 0.0 st
KiB Mem : 26354243+total, 26187224+free, 964068 used, 706120 buff/cache
KiB Swap: 2096636 total, 2096636 free, 0 used. 26052548+avail Mem
PID USER PR NI VIRT RES SHR S %CPU %MEM TIME+ COMMAND
10513 root 20 0 7324 100 0 R 65.1 0.0 0:48.22 stress
10687 root 20 0 7324 96 0 R 34.9 0.0 0:20.32 stress

2.4 — cpuset-cpus

# pouch run -ti --cpuset-cpus 1 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/cpuset.cpus"
1
# pouch run -ti --cpuset-cpus 1 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 stress -c 1
#top
top - 17:58:38 up 1 day, 1:33, 3 users, load average: 0.51, 0.11, 0.04
Tasks: 427 total, 2 running, 425 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie
%Cpu0 : 0.0 us, 0.3 sy, 0.0 ni, 99.7 id, 0.0 wa, 0.0 hi, 0.0 si, 0.0 st
%Cpu1 :100.0 us, 0.0 sy, 0.0 ni, 0.0 id, 0.0 wa, 0.0 hi, 0.0 si, 0.0 st
%Cpu2 : 0.0 us, 0.0 sy, 0.0 ni,100.0 id, 0.0 wa, 0.0 hi, 0.0 si, 0.0 st
%Cpu3 : 0.0 us, 0.3 sy, 0.0 ni, 99.7 id, 0.0 wa, 0.0 hi, 0.0 si, 0.0 st

2.5 — cpuset-mems

# pouch run -ti --cpuset-mems=0 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/cpuset.mems"
0
# pouch run -ti --cpuset-mems="1,3" reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash
# pouch run -ti --cpuset-mems="0-2" reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash

3. IO resource management

3.1 — blkio-weight

# pouch run -ti --rm --blkio-weight 10 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/blkio.weight"
10
# pouch run -it --name c1 --blkio-weight 300 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 /bin/bash
# pouch run -it --name c2 --blkio-weight 600 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 /bin/bash
# time dd if=/mnt/zerofile of=test.out bs=1M count=1024 oflag=direct

3.2 — blkio-weight-device

# pouch run --blkio-weight-device "/dev/sda:1000" reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/blkio.weight_device"
8:0 1000
#stat -c %t:%T /dev/sda
8:0
# pouch run --blkio-weight 300 --blkio-weight-device "/dev/sda:500" reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/blkio.weight_device"
8:0 500

3.3 — device-read-bps

# pouch run -it --device /dev/sda:/dev/sda --device-read-bps /dev/sda:1mb reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/blkio.throttle.read_bps_device"
8:0 1048576
# pouch run -it --device /dev/sda:/dev/sda --device-read-bps /dev/sda:500k reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash
root@r10f10195:/# dd iflag=direct,nonblock if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=5000k coun
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
5120000 bytes (5.1 MB) copied, 10.2738 s, 498 kB/s

3.4 — device-write-bps

# pouch run -it --device /dev/sda:/dev/sda --device-write-bps /dev/sda:1mB reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/blkio.throttle.write_bps_device"
8:0 1048576
# pouch run -it --device /dev/sdb:/dev/sdb --device-write-bps /dev/sdb:1mB reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash
root@r10d08216:/# dd oflag=direct,nonblock of=/dev/sdb if=/dev/urandom bs=10K count=1000
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
10485760 bytes (10 MB) copied, 10.0022 s, 1.0 MB/s

3.5 — device-read-iops

# pouch run -it --device /dev/sda:/dev/sda --device-read-iops /dev/sda:400 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/blkio.throttle.read_iops_device"
8:0 400
# pouch run -it --device /dev/sda:/dev/sda --device-read-iops /dev/sda:400 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash
root@r10d08216:/# dd iflag=direct,nonblock if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=1k count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 2.51044 s, 418 kB/s
root@r10d08216:/#

3.6 — device-write-iops

# pouch run -it --device /dev/sda:/dev/sda --device-write-iops /dev/sda:400 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/blkio.throttle.write_iops_device"
8:0 400
# pouch run -it --device /dev/sdb:/dev/sdb --device-write-iops /dev/sdb:400 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04 bash
root@r10d08216:/# dd oflag=direct,nonblock of=/dev/sdb if=/dev/urandom bs=1K count=1024
1024+0 records in
1024+0 records out
1048576 bytes (1.0 MB) copied, 2.50754 s, 418 kB/s

3.7 Other resource management APIs

# pouch run -ti --pids-limit 100 reg.docker.alibaba-inc.com/sunyuan/ubuntu:14.04stress bash -c "cat /sys/fs/cgroup/pids/pids.max"
100
bash: fork: retry: Resource temporarily unavailable
bash: fork: retry: Resource temporarily unavailable

4. Summary

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