To learn more about developing the right cloud-native architecture for your business, download The Cloud-Native Architecture White Paper today.
Cloud computing is an established solution, helping many businesses achieve the performance required to compete in today’s increasingly digitized market. It’s latest evolution, cloud-native, is helping businesses achieve ultimate elasticity. But cloud-native is developing at a fast pace and there are several key, emerging trends every developer must understand to create the right environment for your organization now, and in the years ahead.
Trend 1: Dynamic, Hybrid and Distributed Clouds Are Becoming the New Normal
Many businesses are choosing a hybrid cloud environment and distributed frameworks. These technologies use data center and cloud-based resources in a fine-grained and dynamic manner, allowing applications to make full use of these fragmented systems.
Within these distributed environments, edge computing is gathering momentum, providing businesses with low network latency and high bandwidth to support an increasingly broad range of internet-enabled devices, further driving borderless cloud computing.
If you don’t introduce the right solutions, such disparate solutions can increase your system complexity. This is where containers can help your software run reliably when they are moved from one computing environment to another, helping you implement your cloud environment to a distributed environment with ease. Kubernetes is the operating system for the cloud era and our Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK) is a high-performance, scalable, and fully-managed service to help you manage your container infrastructure.
Trend 2: Serverless and Container Technologies Are Integrating on the Cloud
Serverless computing is developing at a rapid pace and introducing a broad range of development tools to streamline application delivery pipelines, achieve improved observability, and integrate a broader range of services within today’s cloud-native architectures. As a result, serverless technology is supporting the ultimate elasticity, zero maintenance, enhanced security and efficient development that can be achieved with a cloud-native architecture.
But you can’t rely on serverless technologies in isolation. Serverless and container technologies are increasingly being integrated, where “serverless containers” can reduce the complexity of Kubernetes and free users from O&M tasks, such as capacity planning, security maintenance, and fault diagnosis. In addition, serverless containers can offload your security, availability, and scalability capabitilies to the underlying infrastructure layer.
Using event-driven connections to the cloud, serverless capabilities are now extending across the whole cloud ecosystem. Whether from an enterprise’s applications, partner-led services or hybrid environment, all events are increasingly processed in a serverless way. As a result, cloud services are now more closely connected to your serverless technologies, helping businesses build applications with scalability and high availability.
In the years ahead, serverless computing will also continue to improve computing density to ensure high performance with minimum resource usage and costs. End-to-end optimization will become important, based on the characteristics of the serverless workload to create a new computing environment for many businesses. Heterogenous hardware is another important growth area, helping businesses to ensure high performance with minimum resource usage costs.
Trend 3: Ubiquitous Computing Will Spawn a New Generation of Computing Units
These next-generation computing units will be secure, lightweight, efficient and optimized based on a range of computing scenarios. These changes will be implemented across areas including lifecycle management, O&M management, configuration extension and management, and language-independent frameworks to form a new programming interface between your applications and the cloud.
In particular, secure containers will be based on MicroVM, portable and lightweight containers will be based on WebAssembly, and OS virtualization innovations will continue. New container runtime technologies will also help businesses achieve security isolation, efficient executions and universality, with solutions including KataContainer, Firecracker, gVisor, and Unikernel taking center stage.
Trend 4: Cloud Native Operating Systems Will Emerge
As non-business-related responsibilities are increasingly transferred to the cloud, new standards will be rolled out. This will allow application developers to take a consistent approach to their development efforts and optimize their O&M, regardless of whether a private, public, or hybrid cloud is being used.
This will lead to the creation of cloud-native operating systems, which have defined standards in openness, encapsulate resources, and support applications. This will allow for the efficient scheduling and orchestration of heterogenous computing power to process workloads of different types and a large number of computing tasks. As a result, developers can standardize and automate the delivery and management of applications in a portable, secure and controllable manner.
Get the Cloud-Native Architecture White Paper
Alibaba Cloud can help you set-up, deploy and manage a cloud-native architecture to innovate and optimize your business. To find out more download The Cloud-Native Architecture White Paper today.