Up and Running with GitLab CI/CD on Alibaba Cloud

How Continuous Integration(CI) and Continuous Deployment (CD) evolved?

Without CI/CD

With CI/CD

Setting up GitLab CI:


What Are the Advantages of GitLab CI/CD?

Saraths-MacBook-Pro:~ sarathchandrap$ ssh root@
root@'s password:
Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.4.0-117-generic x86_64)
* Documentation: https://help.ubuntu.com
* Management: https://landscape.canonical.com
* Support: https://ubuntu.com/advantage
Welcome to Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service !Last login: Sun Jul 15 04:06:56 2018 from
root@GITLABCICD:~# sudo systemctl status docker
● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Thu 2018-07-05 16:59:57 CST; 1 weeks 2 days ago
Docs: https://docs.docker.com
Main PID: 6102 (dockerd)
Tasks: 26
Memory: 826.4M
CPU: 35min 35.798s
CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
├─6102 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd://
└─6126 docker-containerd --config /var/run/docker/containerd/containerd.toml
root@GITLABCICD:~# dockerUsage:    docker COMMANDA self-sufficient runtime for containersOptions:
--config string Location of client config files (default "/root/.docker")
-D, --debug Enable debug mode
-H, --host list Daemon socket(s) to connect to
-l, --log-level string Set the logging level ("debug"|"info"|"warn"|"error"|"fatal") (default "info")
--tls Use TLS; implied by --tlsverify
--tlscacert string Trust certs signed only by this CA (default "/root/.docker/ca.pem")
--tlscert string Path to TLS certificate file (default "/root/.docker/cert.pem")
--tlskey string Path to TLS key file (default "/root/.docker/key.pem")
--tlsverify Use TLS and verify the remote
-v, --version Print version information and quit
Management Commands:
config Manage Docker configs
container Manage containers
image Manage images
network Manage networks
node Manage Swarm nodes
plugin Manage plugins
secret Manage Docker secrets
service Manage services
swarm Manage Swarm
system Manage Docker
trust Manage trust on Docker images
volume Manage volumes
attach Attach local standard input, output, and error streams to a running container
build Build an image from a Dockerfile
commit Create a new image from a container's changes
cp Copy files/folders between a container and the local filesystem
create Create a new container
diff Inspect changes to files or directories on a container's filesystem
events Get real time events from the server
exec Run a command in a running container
export Export a container's filesystem as a tar archive
history Show the history of an image
images List images
import Import the contents from a tarball to create a filesystem image
info Display system-wide information
inspect Return low-level information on Docker objects
kill Kill one or more running containers
load Load an image from a tar archive or STDIN
login Log in to a Docker registry
logout Log out from a Docker registry
logs Fetch the logs of a container
pause Pause all processes within one or more containers
port List port mappings or a specific mapping for the container
ps List containers
pull Pull an image or a repository from a registry
push Push an image or a repository to a registry
rename Rename a container
restart Restart one or more containers
rm Remove one or more containers
rmi Remove one or more images
run Run a command in a new container
save Save one or more images to a tar archive (streamed to STDOUT by default)
search Search the Docker Hub for images
start Start one or more stopped containers
stats Display a live stream of container(s) resource usage statistics
stop Stop one or more running containers
tag Create a tag TARGET_IMAGE that refers to SOURCE_IMAGE
top Display the running processes of a container
unpause Unpause all processes within one or more containers
update Update configuration of one or more containers
version Show the Docker version information
wait Block until one or more containers stop, then print their exit codes
root@GITLABCICD:~# docker info
Containers: 3
Running: 0
Paused: 0
Stopped: 3
Images: 3
Server Version: 18.03.1-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
Backing Filesystem: extfs
Supports d_type: true
Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Volume: local
Network: bridge host macvlan null overlay
Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: 773c489c9c1b21a6d78b5c538cd395416ec50f88
runc version: 4fc53a81fb7c994640722ac585fa9ca548971871
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
Profile: default
Kernel Version: 4.4.0-117-generic
Operating System: Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS

Importing a GitHub Project

image: node:carbonstages:
- build
- test
- node_modules/
stage: build
- npm install
- node_modules/
stage: test
script: npm test
image: node:carbon
- build
- test
- node_modules/
stage: build
- npm install
- node_modules/
stage: test
script: npm test

Triggering a CI Job

Install and Configuring the GitLab CI Runner

curl -L https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/runner/gitlab-runner/script.deb.sh -o /tmp/gl-runner.deb.sh
sudo bash /tmp/gl-runner.deb.sh
sudo apt-get install gitlab-runner

Register a Gitlab CI Runner

sudo gitlab-runner register
root@GITLABCICD:~# sudo gitlab-runner register
Running in system-mode.

Please enter the gitlab-ci coordinator URL (e.g. https://gitlab.com/):
Please enter the gitlab-ci token for this runner:
Please enter the gitlab-ci token for this runner:
Please enter the gitlab-ci description for this runner:
[GITLABCICD]: This to demonstrate the dedicated Gitlab CI Runner
Please enter the gitlab-ci tags for this runner (comma separated):
Registering runner... succeeded runner=XzbRaWPE
Please enter the executor: shell, ssh, virtualbox, docker+machine, docker-ssh+machine, kubernetes, docker, parallels, docker-ssh:
Please enter the default Docker image (e.g. ruby:2.1):
Runner registered successfully. Feel free to start it, but if it's running already the config should be automatically reloaded!



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